A Speech Pathologist, also known as an SLP, has advanced training in assessing, diagnosing, treating, and helping prevent disorders related to speech, language, social skills, cognitive-communication, voice, feeding, swallowing, and language fluency as well as specialized training in sensory integration and primitive reflexes.
IT4K’s Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs or STs) work specifically with adults & children who cannot produce speech sounds or cannot produce them clearly; have speech rhythm and fluency problems such as stuttering; voice disorders such as inappropriate volume, pitch, or harsh voice; problems understanding and producing language; and those with cognitive communication impairments such as attention, memory, and problem-solving disorders. SLPs / STs also work with people who have feeding, swallowing, tongue thrust, TMJ, and auditory processing difficulties.
Receptive Language includes the skills involved in understanding language. Receptive Language Disorders are difficulties in the ability to attend to, process, comprehend, and/or retain spoken language.
Expressive Language includes the skills involved in communicating one’s thoughts and feelings to others. An Expressive Language Disorder concerns difficultly with verbal expression.
Some signs and symptoms of an Expressive Language Disorder include:
Articulation is the production of speech sounds. An Articulation Disorder is when a child does not make speech sounds correctly due to premature phonological systems or incorrect placement or movement of the jaw, lips, tongue, velum, and/or pharynx. It is important to recognize that there are differences in the age at which children produce specific speech sounds in all words & phrases.
Phonology refers to the speech sound system of language. A Phonological Disorder is when a child is not using speech sound patterns appropriately. A child whose sound structures are different from the speech typical for their stage of development, or who produces unusual simplifications of sound combinations may be demonstrating a phonological disorder.
Signs of a possible phonological disorder in a preschool child may include: